Many a times, we have to face certain situations where a person , usually an official, demands for a benefit or private gain ( such as extortion ) for himself or another for doing something he is obliged to do. This is known as corruption and the extortion demanded is known as bribery. In other words, bribery is a crime that involves an authority or public official accepting or requesting a gift in exchange for making or omitting an act.
Unfortunately we live in a world where bribery is all pervading and where the laws are no longer respected as firmly as before and people can get rid of some infringement committed with a bribe.
Several people think that the bribe benefits them, but it is not true, because just as they get rid of justice easily, someday someone can cause them all kinds of harm and nothing will be done about it because of the corruption that There is in our country.
Bribery is a crime that corrupts the whole society, because it affects the two related parties, the one who gives the bribe and the one who receives it. It breaks the social fabric as it decreases the confidence of citizens in institutions, government and among themselves. It also affects the ethical level of society as a whole.
Bribery is a phenomenon that occurs in both the public and private sectors but in the latter is referred to as fraud. The scale of bribery ranges from small-scale bribery to large-scale bribery. Small-scale corruption occurs on a smaller scale and occurs in the context of institutions and within the frameworks and norms of government institutions and that include the exchange of small gifts or the improper use of personal connections to obtain favors. This form of corruption is particularly common in countries where public servants are significantly underpaid. The second type of corruption, large-scale corruption, occurs at the highest levels of government in a way that requires significant subversion of political, legal and economic systems. This corruption is common in countries with authoritarian or dictatorial governments but also in those countries that do not have adequate surveillance systems against corruption.
The briber does not have the power, at least not the power to make the decision on which the process of corruption is concerned. Moreover, he does not have this second power which is to make the first decision, so he is dependent. Nothing is possible for him in these two decisions. Even if one admits that he can influence, no decision is his.
In the face of bribery, very surprising arguments are made by some people: “the others do the same”, “it has always existed”, etc …
In spite of the presence of various laws against it, they seem to be powerless against them. So what’s the Solution?
Corruption and bribery can not be attacked head-on by big and aggressive rhetoric, because corruption is a world of shadows, so the first urgency is to put it in full light to dispel the shadows. Punishment is necessary, but prevention is of an entirely different importance. The fight against corruption is missing a thread; the knowledge of the mechanisms of corruption could be this thread for better prevention. It must therefore be prevented by a real fight against corruption that is nonetheless weak. The law can not solve everything, neither in prevention nor in repression. Policies! It’s up to you! …