Subhash Chandra Bose was a pioneer and an Indian nationalist politician known for his struggle for the independence of India, coinciding with Mahatma Gandhi .
Subhash Chandra Bose was born into a Bengali Hindu family in Cuttack on January 23, 1897 in the then province of Bengal as the ninth of fourteen children. His parents were Prabhavati Devi and Janakinath Bose. Son of a lawyer, he graduated in philosophy at the Scottish Cambridge College of the University of Calcutta and then at the Fitzwilliam Hall of the University of Cambridge .
He got almost the appointment letter by getting a good number in Civil Service Examination. But he rejected the appointment with revolutionary consciousness. In this context, he said, “withdrawing [itself] from the best method of announcing any government”. This time the Amritsar killing and the suppressive Rowlatt Act of 1919 made Indian nationalists angry. After returning to India, Subhash Chandra started writing in ‘Swaraj’ newspaper and was appointed in charge of the campaign of the Bengal Pradesh Congress Committee Bose meeting of All India Congress Committee in 1939 Within twenty years, Subhash Chandra was arrested 11 times. He was kept in different parts of India and Rangoon. In 1930, he was exiled to Europe. In 1934, he got acquainted with his first love, Emily Shankle, in Vienna with whom he married in 1937.
Subhash Chandra was elected twice as president of Indian National Congress . However, Unlike Mahatma Gandhi , a supporter of non-violence , Chandra Bose believed in the need for armed struggle to liberate India. His differences with Gandhi led him to resign in 1939 and to found that same year a new nationalist party that demanded complete and immediate independence (instead of an autonomous phase of gradual transition) called Forward Bloc .
Despite the declaration of World War II, his ideology has not changed; Rather, they see this war as an opportunity to gain the advantage of British weaknesses. At the beginning of the war, he hid away from India and traveled to the Soviet Union , Germany and Japan to get help in attacking the British in India. In collaboration with Japanese, he reconstructed Azad Hind Fauj and later led him. The soldiers of this force were mainly Indian war prisoners and working in other parts of South Asia , including British Malaysia, Singapore . With the financial, political, diplomatic and military support of Japan , he was exiled to Azad Hind Government And Azad Hind led the army and led the fight against the British Allies in Imphal and Brahmadesh (present day Myanmar).
Subhash Chandra Bose founded on 21 October 1943 an exile government under the name of Azad Hind (Free India), which was founded by theAxis powers was recognized. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands belonging to India were pro forma handed over to Bose and the INA by the Japanese government, but without any practical consequences. During the Great Bengal Famine of 1943 , Bose offered the British colonial government the delivery of rice from the Japanese-occupied Burma . This relief operation was rejected by the British government; About two million Bengales were killed.
The Japanese, themselves uninterested in India, now weakened by the war and their own defeats against the Western Allies in the Pacific, left the regiment to the Confederate Indians, who marched from Burma with three divisions across the Indian border and on the Japanese spring offensive of 1944 participated. The Japanese surrender after the atomic bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki ended the war and the Japanese ambitions in Asia. The Indian National Army inevitably capitulated at the same time. He is believed to have died in a plane crash in Taiwan on August 18, 1945 . But there is no evidence against his so-called accidents and death.
Although the Azad Hind Fauj’s campaign was in failure, Subhash Chandra’s youthful and compromising strategy provided him popularity across India. Describing Subhash Chandra as ‘Deshantak’, Rabindranath Tagore dedicates the country’s dance drama to him. Netaji’s birthday is now celebrated as state holiday in West Bengal , Tripura , Assam and Odisha .